Why contractors are still all in on manufacturing projects

Since reaching record highs in May 2023, the manufacturing construction boom has shown signs of fading.

Although today’s manufacturing construction activity still dwarfs pre-2022 levels, starts in the sector have started to slow, according to Dodge Construction Network. That led The Wall Street Journal to question whether the segment has slipped into a slump.

But while those signals could portend weakness ahead, most contractors have remained unfazed.

“The manufacturing construction sector is very busy, and from discussions with our clients, we do not expect to see a slowdown any time soon,” said Andrew Ahrendt, national director of manufacturing at PCL Construction, an Edmonton, Alberta-based construction firm with U.S. headquarters in Denver. “We’ve barely scratched the surface.”

Slowdown emerges in manufacturing construction activity

Percent change in the sector’s starts since January 2019, seasonally adjusted dollars

General contractors in the space insist they do not feel a slump. In fact, they still foresee an acceleration in activity in the near term.

For example, along with PCL, JE Dunn plans to stay busy on manufacturing jobs in 2024. The Kansas City, Missouri-based company will deliver Dongwha Electrolyte’s first project in North America, a $70 million electric vehicle battery production facility in Clarksville, Tennessee, as well as a $425 million manufacturing plant for Georgia-Pacific’s Dixie brand of consumer goods.

“We continue to see a demand in the market for large capital projects and our counterparts at architecture and engineering firms remain busy with new project inquiries,” said Brent Strength, senior vice president and manufacturing market leader at JE Dunn. “Manufacturing construction in 2024 should surpass 2023. Contractors have a healthy backlog from previous years, and there is a lot of Inflation Reduction Act, CHIPS Act and similar dollars being spent right now.”

Chicago-based Clayco also expects to remain busy with advanced manufacturing construction this year. The company recently won awards to build Rivian’s $5 billion EV plant in Stanton Springs, Georgia, as well as Entek’s $1.5 billion manufacturing campus in Terre Haute, Indiana.

Anthony Johnson

Permission granted by Clayco


“I do think that the advanced manufacturing segment is definitely continuing to see significant investment, and I think that’s going to continue to expand at very high rates in 2024,” said Anthony Johnson, president of the industrial business unit at Clayco, a Chicago-based construction firm. “We’re going to see a ramping up of actually more capital projects in 2024 than we did last year.”

2023 issues linger

Despite the optimism, contractors working in the manufacturing space face specific challenges as well.

Robust manufacturing starts in 2023 stretched procurement timelines for many materials across the board, namely microchips, HVAC equipment, electrical switchgear and fabricated millwork. Additionally, countries in Asia and elsewhere produce many of the essential materials used in EV battery technology, like copper and nickel, said Strength. 

That could slow progress, as the integration of this equipment into U.S. building codes and standards requires a uniquely qualified design-build team. Issues with procurement and adhering to U.S. code regarding EV construction, especially for first-time builders, can add months to the overall timeline of the project lifecycle, said Strength.

headshot of Brent Strength

Brent Strength

Permission granted by JE Dunn


“Lead times for key equipment are still an issue that we spend a great deal of time mitigating,” said Strength. “Speed to market is still a priority. It is critical to work with a firm who understands how to plan ahead and navigate these challenges.”

Nevertheless, the flattening out of interest rate hikes, the easing of inflation and rising consumer strength should help bolster activity in 2024, said Johnson. He added while some uncertainty remains, the U.S. is in a much more controlled spot this year as it relates to inflation and interest rate hikes.

“I think all those stars are aligning to help provide some tailwind,” said Johnson.

Manufacturing construction activity to ramp up this year again

Dodge expects starts to surge to $112 billion in 2024.

Labor woes

In 2023, builders constructed numerous phase one-type projects. This year, Johnson expects a similar second wave of related projects to break ground. 

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